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Đề thi thử Đại học môn Tiếng Anh 2016
Họ và Tên Thí Sinh : ………………………………………..
Số báo danh :………………………
Mark the letter A,B,C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of of the following questions.
Question 1/ A. social B.secure C.conical D.sector
Question 2/ A.chemical B.stretch C.charge D.achieve
Mark the letter A,B,C,or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions
Question 3/ A. automatic B. emotional C. appreciate D. insensible
Question 4/ A. poisonous B. directly C. suddenly D. manual
Question 5/ A. reduce B. minor C. faithful D. household
Read the following passage and mark the letter A,B,C,or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks.
Animals have an intuitive awareness of quantities. They know without analysis the difference between a number of objects and a smaller number. In his book ” The Natural History of Selboure ” (1786), the naturalist Gilbert White tells how he surreptitiously removed one egg a day from a plover’s nest , and how the mother laid another egg each day to make up for the missing one. He noted that other species of birds ignore the absence of a single egg but abandon their nests if more than one egg has been removed. It has also been noted by naturalists that a certain type of wasp always provides five – never four, never six – caterpillars for each of their eggs so that their young have something to eat when the eggs hatch. Research has also shown that both mice and pigeons can be taught to distinguish between odd and even numbers of food pieces.
These and similar accounts have led some people to infer that creatures other than humans can actually count. They also point to dogs that have been taught to respond to numerical questions with the correct number of barks, or to horses that seem to solve arithmetic problems by stomping their hooves the proper number of times.
Animals respond to quantities only when they are connected to survival as a species – as in the case of the eggs – or survival as individuals – as in the case of food. There is no transfer to other situations or from concrete reality to the abstract notion of numbers. Animals can “count” only when the objects are present and only when the numbers involved are small – not more than seven or eight. In lab experiments, animals trained to “count” one kind of object were unable to count any other type. The objects, not the numbers, are what interest them. Animals admittedly remarkable achievements simply do not amount to evidence of counting, nor do they reveal more than innate instincts, refined by the genes of successive generations, or the results of clever, careful conditioning by trainers.
Question 6/ What is the main idea of this passage?
A. Of all animals, dogs and horses can count best.
B. Careful training is required to teach animals to perform tricks involving numbers
C. Although animals may be aware of quantities, they cannot actually count.
D. Animals cannot “count” more than one kind of object.
Question 7/ Why does the author refer to Gilbert White’s book in the passage ?
A. To contradict the idea that animals can count.
B. To provide evidence that some birds are aware of quantities.
C. To show how attitudes have changed since1786.
D. To indicate that more research is needed in this field.
Question 8/ The word “surreptitiously” is closest in meaning to ______.
A. stubbornly B. secretly C. quickly D. occasionally
Question 9/ The word “odd” refers to which of the following?
A. numbers such as 1, 3, 5 and so on B. unusual numbers
C. lucky numbers D. numbers such as 2, 4, 6 and so on
Question 10/ The word “they” refer to______.
A. numbers B. animals C. achievements D. genes
Question 11/ The word “accounts” is closest in meaning to ______.
A. reasons B. deceptions C. invoices D. reports
Question 12/ According to information in the passage, which of the following is LEAST likely to occur as a result of animals’ intuitive awareness of quantities?
A. When asked by its trainer how old it is, a monkey holds up five fingers.
B. A lion follows one antelope instead of the herd of antelopes because it is easier to hunt a single prey.
C. When one of its four kittens crawls away, a mother cat misses it and searches for the kitten.
D. A pigeon is more attracted by a box containing two pieces of food than by a box containing one piece.
Question 13/ Where in the passage does the author mention research that supports his own view of animals’ inability to count?
A. “In his book …… the missing one.” B. “In lab experiments…….other type”
C. “Research has shown that …… food pieces.” D. “These and similar accounts …..count.”
Question 14/ The author mentions that all of the following are aware of quantities in some ways EXCEPT _____.
A. caterpillars B. mice C. plovers D. wasps
Question 15/ The word ” abandon” in the passage is closest in meaning to
A.vacate B. rebuild C. move D. guard
Đề thi thử Đại học môn Tiếng Anh 2016
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